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八上英语考前复习全册梳理单

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八上英语考前复习 Name: _________ 重点单词 n. activity university hobby sandwich experience result college program dentist mirror cartoon reason concert teenager holiday article umbrella percent magazine meal culture engineer expert autumn information news advice medicine temperature environment v. break happen appear become lose plant believe catch accept might adj. full main outgoing hard-working fantastic necessary simple fresh crowded common available normal adv. maybe together already probably finally Goal(目标分数): ________ 同义转换 decide to do sth = make a decision to do sth try to do sth = try one’s best to do sth use the Internet = go online be talented in sth = have talent for sth near = close to play a role in sth = play a part in sth help sb = give sb a hand expect to do sth = look forward to doing sth can do sth = be able to do sth by oneself = on one’s own fill … with… = be filled with cover…with… = be covered with in the end = at last = finally 短语集中营 对比短语 at first at last at least at most more than less than have something in common have nothing in common have something to do with have nothing to do with at the beginning of at the end of agree with sb disagree with sb during the daytime at night in the future in the past in the world on the earth be the same as be different from be similar to run away run away from refuse = turn down look after = take care of answer = reply to take a trip = go on vacation hear from sb = receive a letter from sb be good at = do well in be good with = get on well with have a good time = have fun = enjoy oneself What do you think of …? = How do you like…? discuss about … = have a discussion about … be worr about = worry about more than = over be afraid to do = be afraid of doing 动词短语 be up to sb be famous for be ready to do sth be in great danger be sure about be angry with sb be friendly/kind to sb keep a diary keep sth to oneself keep (on) doing come true come out cut sth in half cut up make up make sure make mistakes take sth seriously take one’s place take up doing have the flu have problems with… feel like wait for sb care about bring out the best in sb share sth with sb play jokes on sb dress up do a good job join the army grow up write down fall down add … to … mix … with … prepare for … go to the/a doctor hang out with sb invite sb to do sth help (out) with sth solve problems learn from sb get good grades talk to/with sb 其他 quite a few all kinds of of course hardly ever junk food as long as in fact so far over and over again another time without doing sth at the age of something else someone you trust not … at all two pieces of paper three pieces of advice the answer to this question all kinds of all around/over the world 词性转换 变成名词 + sion /tion +ist 其他 decide --- decision violin---violinist different---difference discuss --- discussion piano --- pianist important---importance celebrate---celebration science--serve --- service prepare --- preparation scientist choose --- choice invite --- invitation advise --- advice trade --- trader pollute --- pollution write --- writer predict --- prediction magic --- magician drive --- driver organize---organization improve---improvement win --- winner compete---competition hungry --- hunger 变成形容词 + ful + al +y + less 其他 wonder---wonderful education--health--careful --- careless understand---understanding success---successful educational healthy meaning--danger --- dangerous peace --- peaceful person --- personal lucky--meaningless enjoy --- enjoyable meaning--tradition --- traditional unlucky create --- creative meaningful week – weekly 变成副词 反义词 true --- truly comfortable --- comfortably like --- dislike agree --- disagree loud --- loudly cheap --- cheaply serious --- seriously meaningful --- meaningless careful --- carefully beautiful --- beautifully possible --- impossible +ing build---building open--- opening meet--- meeting paint---painting say --- saying +r/er travel --- traveler report --- reporter perform---performer foreign --- foreigner

知识点集中营 1. enough 的用法  enough + 名词 “足够的……” We have enough money.  形容词/副词 + enough “足够……的” My brother is old enough to eat himself. 2. 反意疑问句的用法:前肯后否,前否后肯 Lucy is a smart girl, isn’t she ? Lucy isn’t tall, is she ? Lily always works hard, doesn’t she ? Lily doesn’t work hard, does she ? 3. 辨析:because, because of  because + 从句 We should study harder because the final exam is coming.  because of + 名词/代词 Because of the bad weather , we had to stay at home. 4. 三个 “到达 ”的用法 reach + 地点 = get to + 地点 = arrive in + 大地点 = arrive at + 小地点 When we reached/got to/arrived in Beijing, it started snowing. 5. 辨析:too many, too much, much too,  too many + 可数名词 There are always too many people on the bus.  too much + 不可数名词 I have too much homework to do every day.  much too + 形容词 Du Haile is much too clever . 6. ask 的用法  ask sb (not)to do = tell sb (not) to do “叫某人做某事” My parents always ask me not to play computer games.  ask sb for help = go to sb for help “向某人寻求帮助” Why not ask your teachers for help ? 7. 辨析:in 1930, in the 1930s  in 1930 在 1930 年  in the 1930s 在二十世纪三十年代 8. although 的用法 although 作“虽然;尽管”讲,不能与 but 连用。

Although my car is very old, I don't want to buy a new one. = My car is very old, but I don’t want buy a new one. 9. 辨析: look for, find, find out  look for 寻找 The police are looking for the lost boy.  find 找到 But they didn’t find the boy.  find out 查明;弄清 Can you find out who killed Mr. Smith? 10. 归类:give, show, send, buy , make  give sb sth = give sth to sb 把某物给某人 show sb sth = show sth to sb 把某物展示给某人 send sb sth = send sth to sb 把某物寄送给某人  buy sb sth = buy sth for sb 为某人买某物 make sb sth = make sth for sb 为某人制作某物 11. make 的用法  make sb/sth + adj. “使某人或某物呈现……的状态” Tim always makes his parents angry .  make sb do sth “使某人做某事” My parents always make me do extra homework on weekends. 12. 辨析:look like, be like  look like 外表看起来像……(一般指外貌) Lucy looks like her mother.  be like 性格像……(一般指性格) ---What is Lucy like ? --- She is much too shy. 13. 辨析:such as, like, for example  such as 和 like 作“例如,比如”讲时,用来列举人或事物, 一 16. 辨析:few, a few, little, a little  few + 可数名词复数 “几乎没有……” a few + 可数名词复数 “有一些……” There are few students in the classroom.  little + 不可数名词 “几乎没有……” a little + 不可数名词 “有一些……” I have little money now. I have to ask my parents for some. 17. 辨析:more, less, fewer  more + 可数名词 /不可数名词 There will be more people in the future. There will be more pollution in the future.  less + 不可数名词 There will be less water in the future.  fewer + 可数名词 There will be fewer trees in the future. 18. 辨析:two hundred, hundreds of  two hundred 具体的几百不加“s”  hundreds of 大概的好几百要加“s” 19. 辨析:turn on, turn off, turn up, turn down  turn on 打开 turn off 关闭  turn up 音量调大 turn down 音量调小;拒绝 20. 辨析:health, healthy  health 是名词, 意为“健康”, 常用搭配: be in good/bad health “处于良好/糟糕的健康状态” Are you in good health? Eating fruit is good for our health.  healthy 是形容词,意为“健康的”,常用搭配:keep healthy “保持健康” Eating fruit is a good way to keep healthy. 21. 句型:Sb spend + 时间/钱 + on sth 某人花费时间或钱在某事物上  Sb spend + 时间/钱 + (in) doing.. 某人花费时间或钱做某事 Women always spend lots of money on clothes . I usually spend two hours (in) doing my homework. 22.. 句型:It takes sb + 时间 + to do sth. 花费某人多长时间做某事 It takes me two hours to do my homework every day. It took me half an hour to practice the piano yesterday. 23. 句型:Thanks for doing sth. “因为做某事而表示感谢。

” Thanks so much for talking to us. 般置于句中,并用逗号隔开。

China has many big cities, such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.  for example 作“例如”讲时, 用来举事例说明, 一般置于句首, 并用逗号隔开。

There are many environmental problems nowadays. For example, people cut down trees. 14. 句型:too + 形容词 + to do... “太……而不能做某事” He is too young to go to school. I’m too full to eat anything. 15. 辨析:hard-working , work hard, hard work  hard-working adj. 工作努力的;辛勤的 Amy is a hard-working girl at school.  work hard (动词短语) 努力工作 Work hard , and you will get good grades.  hard work (名词短语) 辛勤劳作 We should give thanks to our teachers for their hard work.

24. 句型:How many + 可数名词复数...? How much + 不可数名词...? How many bananas do we need? How much sugar do we need? 25.句型:not ...until ... “没有做某事,一直到……的时候” Anna likes reading books but Elsa enjoys playing sports. 31. 辨析:another,the other, other, others What beautiful flowers they are! ④ What + 形容词 + 不可数名词 + 主谓 ! What bad weather it is! 36. 句型:It’s + adj. + (for sb.) + to do sth. “(对某人来说)做……是……” It’s important for us to study hard. It’s cool to surf the Internet.  another + 单数可数名词 one… the other … Sam isn’t leaving until next Wednesday. Don’t get on the bus until it stops. 26. by 的妙用 另一个…… (范围三者或三者以上) 一个……另一个…… (范围仅限两者) Would you like another cup of tea? I have two sisters. One is ten, the other is twelve.  by doing sth  by + 具体时间 “通过做某事的方式” “截止至……; ……之前;到……为止”  other + 可数名词复数 其他的 others 别人;别的事物(相当于名词) Don’t laugh at other people . = Don’t laugh at others . 32. help 的用法 语法集中营 1. 复合不定代词的用法 ●指代“人”:someone/somebody, anyone/anybody, everyone/everybody, no one/nobody ●指代“事;物”:something,anything,nothing, everything ●指代“地点”:somewhere,anywhere,nowhere,everywhere I usually relax by listening to music . Please tell me by this Friday .  be done by sb “被某人怎样” The sheriff was killed by Billy’ brother. 27. so ... that ... 和 so that 的区别  help sb do/to do… “帮助某人做某事” Tom always helps me to learn math. 复合不定代词作主语时,视为单数,其谓语动词也用单数形式。

如: Everybody likes Erik.  help sb with sth “在某方面帮助某人” 不定代词若有形容词修饰,该形容词要置于其后。

如:There is nothing interesting in today’s newspaper. 2. 频率副词的用法  so + 形容词 + that + 句子 “如此、那么地……以至于……” He is so strong that he can lift an elephant. Dylan is so cute that everyone likes him. Tom always helps me with math . 33. 提建议的句型  so that + 句子 “为了,以便于……” Aileen speaks very loudly so that we can hear clearly. 28. 两个“将有” ① There is/are going to be... There is going to be a sports meet next week. There are going to be two new students coming to our class. ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ ⑥ ⑦ Let sb do… Why not do…? = Why don’t you do…? Would you like to do…? = Do you want to do…? How/What about doing…? Shall we do…? You should do… You’d better (not)do… = It’s best (not) to do… 表示频率的副词:always,usually,often,sometimes,hardly ever, seldom, never 等用在 be 动词之后, 实义动词之前。

I always come to school early. He is always late for school. 表示频率的短语:every day, once a week, twice a month, three times a year 等放在实义动词之后。

I go to the movies twice a month . 3. 形容词和副词的比较级 “最重要的是做……” “第一步是做……” “最好的方法是做……” “最糟糕的是做……” ●比较级表示:一方比另一方更…… ① A + be + 形容词比较级 + than + B. Lucy is taller than Lily. ② A + 实义动词 + 副词比较级 + than + B. Lucy sings better than Lily. ② There will be... There will be more pollution in the future. 29. seem 的用法 34. be to do 的用法 The most important thing is to do… The first step is to do… ① seem (to be ) + adj. ② It seems that + 从句 似乎…… 某事似乎…… The best way is to do… The worst thing is to do… 35. 感叹句的用法 Our teacher seemed to be angry with us. It seemed that our teacher was angry with us. 30 . 辨析:however, but ① How +形容词/副词 + 主谓 ! How smart he is! How loudly he speaks! ●同级比较:表示一方与另一方一样…… ① A + be + as 形容词原形 + as + B. Lucy is as smart as Lily. ② A + 实义动词 + as 副词原形 + as + B. Lucy works as hard as Lily. ① however 用于句首,逗号隔开 Anna likes reading books. However, Elsa enjoys playing sports. ② What a/an + 形容词 + 单数可数名词 + 主谓 ! What a smart boy he is! ② but 用于句首、句中,不用逗号隔开 ③ What + 形容词 + 复数可数名词 + 主谓 !

●同级比较:表示一方与另一方不一样…… ① A + be + not + as/so + 形容词原形 + as + B. Lucy is not as smart as Lily. = Lucy is not so smart as Lily. ② A + 助动词 + not + 实义动词 + as/so + 副词原形 + as + B. Lucy doesn’t work as hard as Lily. = Lucy doesn’t work so hard as Lily. ●比较级的修饰词:: ①两者比较差异较大时,在比较级前加 much, a lot 等; ②两者比较差异较小时,在比较级前加 a little, a bit 等; Lucy is much taller than Lily. Lucy is a little smarter than Lily. ●比较级表示“越来越……” 5. 动词不定式的用法 ① 带“to” 的动词不定式的基本形式是 to do, 不带“to” 的动词 不定式的基本形式是 do ② 区分一 后面只能接 “ to do” want to do need to do decide to do plan to do expect to do learn to do promise to do 后面只能接 “ do” let sb do make sb do You’d better do… 你最好做…… Why not do…? 你为什么不做……? 后面只能接 “ doing” mind doing stand doing enjoy doing finish doing practice doing 介词 + doing 6. 一般将来时(一): be going to 表示将来 肯定式:主语+ am/is/are going to + 动词原形 I ’m going to take singing lessons. 否定式:主语 + am/is/are not going to+ 动词原形 Tom isn’t going to buy a fast car. 一般疑问句式: ---- Is/Are + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他? ---- Yes , 主语 + is/are. / No, 主语 + isn’t/aren’t. --- Are you going to learn a foreign language? --- Yes, I am . / No, I’m not . 7. 一般将来时(二): will 表示将来  肯定式:主语+ will + 动词原形 Students will study at home in 50 years. 否定式:主语 + won’t + 动词原形 People won’t do housework themselves in 100 years.  一般疑问句式: ---- Will + 主语 + 动词原形 + 其他? ---- Yes , 主语 + will. / No, 主语 + won’t. --- Will people have robots in the future? --- Yes, they will. / No, they won’t. 8. 祈使句的用法 ① 若是单音节词或部分双音节词,结构为:比较级 + and + 比较级 My daughter is happier and happier .  区分二 后面既能接 “ to do” 又能接“ doing”, 但意思完全相同, like/love to do = like/love doing begin/start to do = begin/start doing 后面既能接 “ to do” 又能接“ doing”, 但意思截然不同 try to do try doing 努力做 尝试做 后 面 既 能 接 “ do” 又能接“ doing”, 但意思截然不同 see/watch/find sb do 看见某人经常做或已 做过某事 remember to do 记得去做 remember doing 记得做过 hear sb do 听见某人经常做或 forget to do 忘记去做 forget doing 忘记做过 feel sb do stop to do 去做另一件事 stop doing 停下正做的事 感觉某人经常做或已 feel sb doing 感觉某人正在做 停下 (手头正做的事) 做过某事 已做过某事 hear sb doing 听见某人正在做 see/watch/find sb doing ② 若是多音节词或部分双音节词,结构为:more and more + 原级 Zhuhai is becoming more and more beautiful . ●比较级表示“越……就越……” The + 比较级, the + 比较级. The more you eat, the fatter you will be. ●比较级表示“两者中更……的那一个” the + 比较级 + of the two Lucy is the taller of the twin sisters. 4. 形容词最高级的用法  肯定式:动词原形 + 其他. Pour the milk into the blender. 否定式:Don’t + 动词原形. Don’t make noise in class. 9. Invitation(如何发出邀请?)  发出邀请:Can you...? / Would you like to...? .  接受邀请:Sure, I’d love to.  拒绝邀请并说明原因:I’m sorry, I can’t. I have to... I’m sorry. I’m not available. I must... I’m afraid not. I might have to... 10. if 的用法 ① if 作“如果”讲时的用法:“主将从现” (即 If 从句用一般现在时,主句用一般将来时。

) If it rains tomorrow, we will stay at home. If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go bike riding. ② if 作“是否”讲时的用法:看时间确定时态 I don’t know if he will come .  if 的反义词是 unless, 也用于“主将从现” 看见某人正在做 ① 形容词最高级前一定要加定冠词 the This is the oldest theater in London. ② 形容词最高级常与介词 in 或 of 短语连用, 说明比较范围,如 in my class, in China, in the world, of the three, of all the girls... He is the tallest of these boys . Sam is the youngest in his class . “the +序数词 + 形容词最高级 + 名词”, 意为“第几……的……。

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China. ➃“one of + the + 形容词最高级 + 复数名词”, 意为“最……之一”。

Miss Wang is one of the most popular teachers in our school.

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